Filter projects by Transformability Type

All of the examples presented follow a kinetic principle and are classified into 4 principles and 11 types based on a phenomenological approach.

  • folding principle
  • Sliding principle
  • Transergetic principle
  • pneumatic principle
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  • Linear elements

    Hinged linear elements, such as rods, create an extended variety of shapes, acting as ‘parent’ curves to lofted surfaces.
  • Rigid surfaces

    Hinged surfaces produce a series of collapsible forms and emerging spaces, as simple as two-pieces to the complexity of origami-like patterns
  • Flexible surfaces

    Flexible surfaces, attached to some kind of kinetic infrastructure like rods, surfaces or cables, give a variety of solutions, mimicking the expandability of an accordion.
  • Tensile surfaces

    Flexible to semi-rigid materials are stretched by a variety of anchoring points covering wide areas in an “open-close” type of operation
  • Reciprocal frames (scissors)

    By utilizing the basic principle of the lever, these reciprocal kinetic frames work in a more complex scissor-like mechanism to achieve elaborate yet reliable transformations.
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  • Linear moving elements

    Being the railroad analog, this category is based on a straightforward technique where the path defines the movement and consequently the change of position.
  • Free moving elements

    Sliding freely elements are moving on wheels toward any direction allowed.
  • Axial moving elements

    Centrifugal movement produces motion around an axis so the basic transformation is that of orientation.
  • Nesting elements

    This category describes a technique borrowed from product design to facilitate space saving.
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  • Kinetic Cables and Rods

    The projects in this category employ a sophisticated force-distribution technique with rigid and flexible elements altering their functional length in relation to the forces applied on them.
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  • Pneumatic Shells

    The main form is achieved through compartments filled with air comprising the load-bearing structure.
  • Pneumatic Elements

    A system of air valves causes the alteration of a variety of elements through a controllable amount of pressure.

pneumatic elements


rigid surfaces


kinetic cables and rods

Movable Guyed Mast

nesting elements

Vinyl Milford House

free moving elements

Naked House