This 10-meter-high kinetic structure won the first Mini-Skyscraper design competition that was organized by the MIT Department of Architecture. The objective of the design team was to create a smart building with integrated control mechanisms that would be able to respond to both environmental parameters and human activity. The result was a jointed spine-like structure that has the controlled ability to bend in different directions through a series of pneumatic actuators (“muscles”). When the muscles are inactive, the rigid core of the structure keeps it stable in an upright equilibrium position. When the pumps are activated, the muscles begin to flex and retract in a smooth and precise manner, introducing a twist in the jointed core and allowing the whole structure to gently “bow”. The rigid parts of the structure that form its core consist of sculpted arms built from a lightweight fiberglass composite. The pneumatic actuators and control system were supplied by the manufacturer Festo. While in the mini version of the skyscraper actuation was mainly employed for expressive movement, in the full-scale tower such active structural components would be used to cancel out movement and stabilize the building against changing forces from wind or earthquakes.